Improvements in wheel mountings

  • Inventors:
  • Assignees: Bassick Co
  • Publication Date: March 29, 1950
  • Publication Number: GB-634983-A

Abstract

634,983. Road-vehicle spring-suspensions. BASSICK CO. May 16, 1945, No. 12322. Convention date, March 22, 1944. [Class 108 (ii)] [Also in Group XXXI] In a wheel mounting including cushioning means permitting limited movement of the wheel under sudden impact, spring means primarily functioning to carry the vehicle load, and a wheel support movably connected to the vehicle body for upward movement of the wheel under load, the cushioning means and spring means are arranged for functioning substantially independently of each other, the cushioning means being disposed on the wheel axle and substantially concentrically thereto and between the wheel and wheel support, the spring means being disposed between the wheel support and the vehicle body. In .the construction described, each wheel 16, 17 is carried by tapered roller bearings 52, Figs. 6, 7, on a boss 44 eccentrically mounted on an axle 22 rigidly secured by nuts 42 to the ends of arms 19 which are pivotally mounted at 21 to the vehicle frame and comprise the wheel support. An inverted V-shaped arm 31, 31a, Fig. 1, centrally pivoted to a member 30, is capable of guided vertical movement relative to a housing 23 rigid with the vehicle frame, under the action of the spring means 32, 33. The outer ends of arms 31, 31a bear on pressure plates 36 on the arms 19 urging the latter downwardly. Load is transmitted to each wheel 16, 17 through the cushioning means in the form of a spiral spring 47 which is connected between the boss 44 and the arm 19. A collar 61 on an overhanging axial extension of the boss 44 carries a lug 60 which co-operates with a projection 62 on a bolt 49 securing the end of the spring 47 to the arm 19 to limit the rotation of the boss 44 under action of the spring 47. The roller bearings are secured by a nut 55 and thrust collars 57, 58, and oil sealing rings are provided. Under levelsurface conditions the wheel centre 64, Fig. 7, lies below and trails approximately 25 degrees (determined by the stop 60, 62) behind the axle centre 63 so that surface irregularities cause the wheel centre to move rearwardly and upwardly, the maximum angular movement (155 degrees) being limited by frictional engagement between adjacent coils of the spring 47. The wheel tyre 38 is of rubber engaging track links 10a secured by rods 39, projections 39a of which are engaged by a track driving sprocket.

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